Ezra Pound’s fiat ‘Make it new!’ sums up the preoccupation of many poets, visual artists, composers, and choreographers in the Modern Period, which falls roughly between Word War I and World War II. During this period for many poets a new aesthetic emerged which embraced fragmentation, disjunction, difficulty, dislocation, destabilization, and globalization or internationalism. Modern poets emphasized the importance of the imagination, which supplanted religion, with its many alternate worlds. Modernism is also characterized by a series of movements which erupted with tremendous energy, only to be replaced by still newer movements: symbolism, imagism, vorticism, objectivism, futurism, and the Harlem Renaissance (which drew on the blues, “folk” culture, and creoles). The poet John Ashbery (1927-2017) spoke of Marianne Moore as “our greatest modern poet,” while other poets and scholar-critics have pointed to W.B. Yeats as the greatest poet of the twentieth century. Besides these two “greats,” we shall read and discuss other “greats”: Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot, Gertrude Stein, Mina Loy, Hart Crane, H.D. (Hilda Doolittle), Robert Frost, and W.H. Auden.