Research - concerns the use of media by various activist groups in their quest for a more equitable world. In the twenty-first century, media does not simply offer a representational platform for disenfranchised voices, but more importantly serves as a material practice to engage in collective struggles for equity, justice, and more sustainable systems. I have written about U.S. radical film culture in the 1930s in my book, Left of Hollywood: Cinema, Modernism, and the Emergence of U.S. Radical Film Culture (U of Texas Press, 2010,) and have published numerous articles on media activism within various journals like Cinema Journal, Jump Cut, Framework, Culture, Theory and Critique, and Journal of Film and Video. My recent book, Breaking the Spell: The Rise of Video Activism and the New Anarchism, will be forthcoming in 2016-2017. I am currently researching the relationship between video/digital media activism and state repression related to animal rights campaigns, counter-summit protesting, and urban resistances within areas of highly concentrated poverty.