When bilingual children learn any two languages from birth each language proceeds on its own independent course, at a rate that reflects the quality of the children's exposure to each language.
April 20, 2017
For decades, American waistlines have been expanding and there is increasing cause for alarm. Researchers make the case that metabolic syndrome is the new silent killer and that the "love handle" can be fatal.
April 6, 2017
If the early bird catches the worm, then does the smart songbird get the girl? FAU study tests the links between cognition, sexiness and male songbirds' ability to serenade.
April 3, 2017
Baby sea turtles don't have an X or Y chromosome and their sex is defined during development by the nest environment. A crucial step in preserving these animals is estimating hatchling sex ratios.
March 30, 2017
More than 35 million Americans are trying to quit smoking. Experts reassure clinicians that varenicline is a safe and effective way to stop smoking and that not using this drug has caused needless deaths.
March 27, 2017
FAU's Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center, a U.S. Department of Energy designated center, has received a $360,000 grant from the National Science Foundation for undergraduate research.
March 23, 2017
Headed by molecular neuroscientist Randy Blakely, Ph.D., FAU's Brain Institute is commemorating "Brain Awareness Week" (March 13-19) to promote the public and personal benefits of brain research.
March 13, 2017
Beyond a reasonable doubt? A psychology study gives new meaning to "guilt by association" and shows how human memory as well as police use of mugshots and subtle innuendo can contaminate eyewitness testimonies.
March 9, 2017
Across the board, Americans are less sexually active than ever with the sharpest decline among people in their 50s, people with a college degree, people with school-aged children, and people in the South.
March 7, 2017
FAU's Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing has joined forces with powerhouse teams of researchers as well as committed veteran leaders to improve health outcomes of military veterans.
March 7, 2017
A new study is the first to use data after the implementation of the Affordable Care Act to get to the root of what factors are contributing to the low rates of preventive health care use in this country.
March 1, 2017
FAU's I-SENSE has received a National Science Foundation grant for a "Research Experiences for Undergraduates" program and will host an intensive summer program for top undergraduate students nationwide.
February 28, 2017
We all do it; we all need it - humans and animals alike. The tiny Mexican cavefish is shedding light on how sleep evolves and how human brains could evolve to require very little sleep, just like the cavefish.
February 23, 2017
About the size of a tablet, a portable device that could be used in many settings like an airport, may hold the key to detecting the Zika virus accurately, rapidly and inexpensively using just a saliva sample.
February 22, 2017
One of the latest and most ambitious studies on bullying and cyberbullying in middle and high school students begs to differ with the adage, "sticks and stones can break my bones, but names can't hurt me."
February 21, 2017
A compound extracted from a deep-water marine sponge is showing potent antibacterial activity against the drug resistant bacteria methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus also called the "super bug."
February 8, 2017
Using remote sensing cameras and sound recorders, FAU scientists are the first to capture rare video footage of a newly discovered population of critically endangered monkeys in a remote region in the world.
February 1, 2017
Researchers from FAU and Sancilio and Company, Inc. are collaborating to develop a treatment for Retinitis Pigmentosa, an inherited disease that causes severe progressive vision impairment and blindness.
January 30, 2017
There is limited research and only anecdotal evidence suggesting that the public supports the use of body-worn cameras in policing. A new study reveals general public perceptions with some unexpected results.
January 26, 2017
Alana Edwards served on review panels to select applications submitted to the Department of Defense to decide how the $5 million appropriated by Congress will be spent on future tick-borne disease research.
January 20, 2017
Researchers from FAU and Harvard address the possible but unproven link between statins and diabetes and emphasize that the link to diabetes is questionable and inconsequential.
January 18, 2017
The first study to examine the effects of chair yoga on pain and physical function in older adults with osteoarthritis is proving to be an effective way to reduce pain and improve quality of life.
January 11, 2017
FAU will lead the Freight Mobility Research Institute to improve the nation's mobility of people and goods. A combined match from the state and private sectors will result in more than $10 million in total.
December 14, 2016
A new study at FAU is the first to demonstrate that the Parkin gene is turned on when cells are exposed to environmental insults that cause free radical formation and cataract formation.
December 13, 2016
Researchers in FAU's Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing conducted a unique study to explore how transplant recipients use social media sites for support and healing.
December 8, 2016
Janet Robishaw, Ph.D., a leader in functional and translational genomics, has been appointed as chair of the Department of Biomedical Sciences in FAU's Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine.
December 6, 2016
FAU has entered into a licensing agreement with Neuro Pharmalogics, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing innovative therapies for patients with rare neurological diseases.
November 29, 2016
FAU Harbor Branch study shows the relationship between changing sea ice and beluga whale migration and habitat patterns of several populations over two decades of dramatic sea ice changes in the Pacific Arctic.
November 17, 2016
FAU Harbor Branch scientists are researching ways to create a biosynthetic version of a compound found in a sea sponge that is very active against cancer cells.
November 15, 2016
FAU researchers and collaborators conducted a first-of-its-kind longitudinal study on twins to identify the degree to which siblings contribute to the increase in delinquent behavior and alcohol misuse.
November 14, 2016
A study on a plaque identifying toothpaste has shown significant reductions in dental plaque and inflammation throughout the body. These findings support the premise of reductions in heart attacks and strokes.
October 19, 2016
Two FAU Harbor Branch scientists, along with collaborators, are assessing the health and abundance of sharks and rays in the Indian River Lagoon.
October 11, 2016
Sameer Hinduja, Ph.D., provides important tips to prevent children and young adults from being victimized. He is internationally renowned for his groundbreaking work on cyberbullying and safe social media use.
October 11, 2016
Scientists from Sancilio & Company, Inc., a local biotech company, have joined forces with FAU's Center for Molecular Biology and Biotechnology to train a biopharmaceutical and drug development workforce.
September 29, 2016
Researchers from FAU, in collaboration with The Scripps Research Institute, have opened up the possibilities for rapid drug screens to treat seizures in the near future by using a microscopic nematode worm.
September 26, 2016
The National Science Foundation recently awarded a multi-year grant to a group of FAU Harbor Branch scientists to pursue work on an underwater holographic imaging system.
September 20, 2016
Anton Post, Ph.D. will lead Environmental and Ocean Science research at Florida Atlantic University.
September 8, 2016
A tablet-based communication application called "Speak for Myself(TM)," developed at FAU's Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, is proving to be an invaluable tool empowering patients who are voiceless.
September 8, 2016
Results of a study using nationally representative surveys of 10 million U.S. residents show that Americans are not only more politically polarized than ever but that more people identify as independent.
September 7, 2016
FAU's College of Nursing will use the grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to grow South Florida's primary care workforce and address unmet health care needs of underserved populations.
August 30, 2016
A deep-water marine sponge that contains leiodermatolide has the ability to inhibit the growth of cancer cells and block cancer cells from dividing using extremely low concentrations of the natural compound.
August 18, 2016
Today, there are more than 1,000 crisis hotline affiliates in the United States alone. Yet, despite their widespread use, much remains unknown or unclear about their service efficacy.
August 11, 2016
The International Academy of Cardiology recently awarded a distinguished fellowship to Charles H. Hennekens, M.D., Dr.P.H. in FAU's College of Medicine, for his contributions to cardiovascular medicine.
August 9, 2016
You're wrong, according to a new sex study that really contradicts the widespread notion that Millennials are the "hookup" generation, which is popularized by dating apps like "Tinder" and others.
August 2, 2016
Coastal Risk Consulting, a new start-up company formed by an FAU professor, has developed technology to evaluate and mitigate risks from encroaching seas along Florida's southeast coast and other regions.
July 28, 2016
FAU's I-SENSE and Dioxide Materials(TM) have formed a unique partnership to develop and evaluate a novel low-cost, low-power, wireless CO2 sensing system for heating, ventilation and air-conditioning applications.
July 14, 2016
You've heard about physician shortages. But, Catholic priests? They are in a similar dilemma with fewer options to retire from their diocese. And, unlike medicine, priesthood is not a lucrative profession.
July 7, 2016
Almost half of all drivers are over the age of 65. With declining cognitive processes in older adults such as Alzheimer's disease, there is concern for public safety and unsafe driving in this population.
July 6, 2016
Binge drinking -- almost a rite of passage -- peaks during the college years. So this begs the question, "Are there specific characteristics associated with high-level binge drinking habits in college students?"
June 30, 2016
A researcher has developed a new device for assisted reproductive technology that can quickly, easily and cost effectively select only the healthiest sperm without causing DNA damage.
June 16, 2016
A racially and ethnically diverse nursing study examined parents' mental health and personal growth following their child's death in the hospital, and the role of spirituality or religion in helping them cope.
June 8, 2016
FAU researchers have developed a group of proteins called tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases designed as specific inhibitors of selected MMP targets that could potentially treat osteoarthritis and cancer.
June 6, 2016
Waseem Asghar, Ph.D. received the award for his work on developing a new diagnostic biosensing platform that could be used to remotely detect and determine treatment options for HIV and other diseases.
June 2, 2016
A new study shows that since the 1990s, the percentage of adults who accept same-sex behavior has quadrupled, and those who have participated in same-sex experiences has doubled.
June 1, 2016
Florida Atlantic University's Harriet L. Wilkes Honors College awarded nearly $15,000 in scholarships to 10 students in support of their summer research at FAU and Scripps Florida.
May 26, 2016
Interactions between primates and bats have poorly documented, and detailed reports have been rare, until now. An FAU study is the first to report implications for animal-human disease transmission.
May 24, 2016
"How does it 'feel' to interact behaviorally with a machine?" To answer that question, scientists created a virtual partner that can elicit emotional responses from its human partner in real-time.
May 17, 2016
Professors have evaluated the totality of evidence and conclude that regular physical activity has the closest resemblance to a "magic bullet" to fight the epidemic of obesity and cardiovascular disease.
May 16, 2016
A $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation will enable FAU to install networking infrastructure to amplify its ability to conduct data-intensive science and engineering research.
May 11, 2016
In what is considered one of the oldest and most important archaeological digs in North America, scientists uncovered what they believe are the bones of a 13,000- to 14,000-year-old extinct species of bison.
May 11, 2016
Randy D. Blakely, Ph.D., a renowned neuroscientist and leading expert in synaptic pharmacology, neurotransmitter transporters, and neurogenetics, is at the helm of the newly-formed FAU Brain Institute.
May 10, 2016
FAU recently hosted the Third Sea-level Rise Summit with more than 250 participants in attendance. The conference featured experts from the public and private sectors, as well as scientists and researchers.
May 6, 2016
Just as parts of South Florida are bracing for potential flooding risks in low-lying areas, FAU is leading efforts to bring together professionals to help identify solutions and develop adaptation pathways.
April 28, 2016
Just as the sun sets, hundreds of groupers gather at their favorite hangouts along the shelf breaks in the southeast U.S., Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Basin to spawn – and they’re pretty vocal about it.
April 27, 2016
There are currently no medications available to specifically treat Lewy Body dementia (LBD). FAU's College of Medicine is spearheading the South Florida site for the first U.S. clinical trial for LBD.
April 21, 2016
A leading scientist has received $540,250 from the NIH to continue his groundbreaking research to develop new therapeutic agents for collagen-based diseases including multiple sclerosis, cancer and sepsis.
April 19, 2016
Inspired by pregnancy tests, scientists have developed a method to store microfluidic devices for months without refrigeration, giving developing countries an inexpensive and reliable way to treat patients.
April 13, 2016
The sub-tropics and the Arctic are rarely discussed together, and comparing shared experiences is expected to unlock new insights and generate a blueprint for solutions and adaptation.
April 8, 2016
Members of the Society of American Archaeologists will visit the Old Vero Site, overseen by FAU Harbor Branch.
April 6, 2016
A professor has identified 55 drug targets for the Zika virus from the human genome, leading to the identification of 79 FDA-approved drugs currently being used to treat other conditions such as cancer.
April 1, 2016
A psychology professor will continue a unique longitudinal study of bilingual development in children, focusing on language, literacy, cognitive growth, and academic achievement for Spanish-speaking children.
March 30, 2016
Where to live can be a dilemma for many Americans. A new FAU study is the first to evaluate the affordability of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Section 8 Multifamily recipients.
March 29, 2016
Fruit flies can tell us a lot about sleep deprivation and metabolic disorders. A study is the first to show that a conserved gene - translin - works as a modulator of sleep in response to metabolic changes.
March 24, 2016
A new study by researchers at FAU and their collaborators has revealed a dramatic decline in the number of adult Americans who pray or believe in God, hitting an all-time low in 2014.
March 23, 2016
The "love" hormone, oxytocin, is an indispensable part of childbirth and mother-child bonding. A new study at FAU is looking at how a mother's levels of oxytocin might be different in women with depression.
March 22, 2016
Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers or INTERACT(TM) was implemented in phase I of The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' initiative to reduce avoidable hospitalizations for nursing home residents.
March 21, 2016
Research funded by a grant from the Bonefish & Tarpon Trust will design and test experimental means of growning bonefish for stock enhancement.
March 16, 2016
A biomedical scientist has received a $1.2 million grant from the James and Esther King Biomedical Research Program, Florida Department of Health, to develop a new and innovative approach to treat stroke.
March 15, 2016
A new study is the first to examine the relationship between paid sick leave benefits and delays in medical care and forgone medical care for both working adults and their family members.
March 7, 2016
Heavy rainfall led to the release of billions of gallons of water from Lake Okeechobee into the St. Lucie River, which is damaging the delicate balance of freshwater and saltwater in surrounding estuaries.
March 3, 2016
Activity has resumed at the "Old Vero Man" Site in Vero Beach, an archaeological project that is overseen by FAU's Harbor Branch and Department of Anthropology.
March 2, 2016
Robotic boats that can move, think and make decisions on their own to help humans may be closer than you think. The College of Engineering and Computer Science has received an NSF grant for the project.
February 17, 2016
The recent discovery that gravitational waves exist, proving Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity, has excited physicists across the globe. FAU scientists are no exception - and for good reason.
February 15, 2016
It's known that "a picture's worth a thousand words." But a new study begs to differ when it comes to young children and their influence on adults. But what's more important? How they look or what they say?
February 9, 2016
FAU Harbor Branch recently entered into a partnership with Zeigler Bros., Inc. to collaborate on the development of high quality and more sustainable shrimp feeds.
February 9, 2016
Researchers will work to define the mechanisms governing how cells decide whether to become a mature cell or whether to die. Their work will shed light on how to make transplantable tissues to cure diseases.
February 4, 2016
The theme of the public outreach day of the 2016 Indian River Lagoon Symposium is "Engaging the Public: It's Our Lagoon!"
February 3, 2016
The saying, "Give a Man a Fish and You Feed Him for a Day. Teach a Man to Fish and You Feed Him for a Lifetime," aptly describes the partnership between FAU's Harbor Branch and Aquaculture without Frontiers.
January 27, 2016
A bioengineer at FAU will develop a novel biodegradable polymer stent that will be designed to prevent complications while at the same time serving as a drug delivery system for esophageal cancer therapy.
January 19, 2016
A new study shows that black and white women ages 75 to 84 years who had an annual mammogram had lower 10-year breast cancer mortality than corresponding women who had biennial or no/irregular mammograms.
January 6, 2016
"Sight, Sound and Dynamics in the Sea: The Role of Technology in Ocean Exploration" is the first in a series of exhibits featured under HBOI's "Mission: Ocean Discovery" program.
January 4, 2016
Florida Atlantic University is now partnering with the Old Vero Ice Age Sites Committee on one of the oldest and largest archaeological digs of its kind.
December 15, 2015
FAU researchers are the first to show that cells in close proximity to each other can sense when a cell is dying due to environmental stressors like UV light and smoke, and eat the cell before it becomes toxic.
December 15, 2015
The Louis and Anne Green Memory and Wellness Center in FAU's Lynn College of Nursing has received a three-year, $1.3 million grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
December 14, 2015
Researchers from FAU and collaborators measured law enforcement leadership attitudes toward police wearing body cameras, and published results of their study in the American Journal of Criminal Justice.
December 14, 2015
Results of a five-year study by FAU researchers tested the hypothesis that adolescents become less similar to their friends and more similar to romantic partners after they start a new romantic relationship.
December 2, 2015
An FAU analyses of nationwide data on individuals who were killed as a result of legal intervention or law enforcement in the U.S. between 1999 and 2013, shows a 45 percent increase mostly among non-whites.
December 1, 2015
For the first time, scientists have taken findings from research on marine mammals and applied it to explore potential risks facing humans with regard to mercury exposure.
November 30, 2015
FAU and SK Telecom, the largest telecommunications company in South Korea, have entered into a research and education agreement to collaborate on the development of secure communications using quantum physics.
November 30, 2015
Researchers from FAU's Harbor Branch and collaborators have uncovered a new mechanism that fish use to hide in the vast oceans. Results of this new study are published in 'Science'.
November 19, 2015
What can you tell about people and their situations from only 140 characters? Quite a lot according to a new Twitter study. To date, no research has tapped the vast data from social media to study situations.
November 13, 2015
James E. Galvin, M.D., M.P.H., has developed eight myths and truths about Alzheimer's disease to shed light on this form of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior.
November 12, 2015
FAU neuroscientist John W. Newcomer, M.D., co-authored a new study that showed patients with severe mental illness, who are two to three times more likely to have type 2 diabetes, rarely get tested.
November 12, 2015
FAU and University MRI have entered into a joint research agreement to propel the University's focus in the neurosciences and provide researchers with access to the newest imaging technologies available today.
November 5, 2015
FAU and Max Planck have signed an innovative agreement to facilitate a research and education program that will recruit promising scientists to FAU's John D. MacArthur Campus in Jupiter.
October 28, 2015
An FAU neuroscientist has developed a new test that can assess clinical signs and symptoms of Lewy Body dementia, a common form of dementia that's difficult to diagnose, with 96.8 percent accuracy.
October 26, 2015
STEM jobs are rapidly growing and technology companies alone will need to fill more than 650,000 new jobs by 2018. FAU is directly addressing the national need to increase the number of STEM undergraduates.
October 22, 2015
The shift in climate is shifting turtles as well, because as the temperature of their nests change so do their reproduction patterns. Warmer conditions produce females and cooler conditions produce males.
October 15, 2015
Most robotic parts used today are rigid, have a limited range of motion and don't look lifelike. Inspired by nature and biology, a robotic finger designed at FAU looks, feels and works like the real thing.
October 8, 2015
FAU and Boca Raton Regional Hospital have partnered on a unique project to eliminate barriers between healthcare disciplines and build crucial communication and teambuilding skills to support collaboration.
October 6, 2015
This past summer, Rabil spent 16 days visiting 70 Syrian refugee camps in the Bekaa region of Lebanon and along the Lebanon-Syria border.
October 1, 2015
FAU has received a Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute Engagement Award for a guide for nursing home residents and their families to help them make optimal decisions concerning hospitalizations.
October 1, 2015
Extreme events like hurricanes can disrupt infrastructure systems like power and water. Researchers will develop a decision framework to rapidly restore these functions and services for disaster management.
September 30, 2015
About half of older adults don't respond to first-line medication for depression. A new study shows that adding a second drug to treatment with an antidepressant medication alone helps many of these patients.
September 30, 2015
A team of researchers from FAU Harbor Branch conducted experiments to better understand phytoplankton in the Pacific Ocean.
September 29, 2015
A new study published in 'Pediatrics' shows that early maturing girls given the most parental autonomy had the highest rates of alcohol abuse, with intoxication frequency increasing an average of 234 percent.
September 28, 2015
More students with autism are being taught in the general classroom setting. Preparing professionals to teach these students is critical in alleviating the dire shortage of special education teachers.
September 24, 2015
A researcher has a unique way to monitor sickle cell disease using a smart phone, and will develop a portable smart sensor and a phone application for patients to analyze and store their blood test results.
September 22, 2015
FAU Harbor Branch and Amy's Island Seafood are partnering on an aquaculture project that will produce healthy, safe fish for consumers.
September 21, 2015
FAU Harbor Branch research professor Shirley Pomponi, Ph.D. recently participated in a panel discussion organized by the Ocean Conservancy.
September 11, 2015
Researchers have received a grant from Facebook for a study that has the overarching goal to illuminate the nationwide prevalence, frequency and scope of cyberbullying and electronic dating violence in youth.
September 9, 2015
FAU Harbor Branch scientists are once again involved in a research cruise investigating reefs off the southwest coast of Florida.
September 9, 2015
FAU's Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine will work with foundation2recovery.org to combat the narcotic prescription drug epidemic using novel approaches for treatment, prevention and education programs.
September 9, 2015
The Cooperative Institute for Ocean Exploration, Research and Technology at FAU Harbor Branch is working to adapt a new technology for benthic mapping capability.
September 3, 2015
Researchers have published a commentary in the American Journal of Medicine that stresses how lack of physical activity in Americans poses important clinical, public health and fiscal challenges for the nation.
September 2, 2015
Colin Polsky, Ph.D., an expert on environmental research, is available to discuss how melting ice in the Arctic affects people, infrastructure, and ecosystems worldwide.
September 2, 2015
FAU Harbor Branch recently installed the world's largest network of land ocean biogeochemical observatory units in the Indian River Lagoon.
August 31, 2015
Harbor Branch associate research professor Greg O'Corry-Crowe, Ph.D., and his Population Biology and Behavioral Ecology team recently published two papers in 'Marine Fisheries Review.'
August 31, 2015
Harbor Branch's network of remote-controlled sensors in the St. Lucie Estuary is now disseminating real-time information, available online.
August 28, 2015
FAU's Cooperative Institute for Ocean Exploration, Research and Technology (CIOERT) is once again involved in a NOAA-funded project to investigate the role that healthy reefs play in replenishing ecosystems.
August 27, 2015
Racial disparity in mortgage rates is widespread between black and white borrowers, according to a newly published study which found more financially vulnerable black women suffer the most.
August 19, 2015
Determining whether or not an individual has dementia and to what degree is a long and laborious process that can take an experienced professional such as a clinician about four to five hours to administer.
August 17, 2015
A professor of psychology at FAU provides important information that should help clinicians as they assess bilingual children and advise their parents.
August 17, 2015
FAU researcher shows how tone of candidates' voices can make a difference at the polls. Findings from the study suggest a preference for age and experience and possible impact on female candidates.
August 7, 2015
Elizabeth Hopkins, an aspiring physician and FAU student, has spent more than 640 hours shadowing Hilton Becker, M.D. In 2014, she had a double mastectomy as a preventive measure, using a revolutionary procedure developed by Becker that is an alternative to radical mastectomy.
August 3, 2015
The task of inspecting and maintaining Florida's 11,450 bridges is arduous, espcially since so many of them span rivers, canals and saltwater areas. Researchers at FAU have received a grant from the Florida Department of Transportation to develop unmanned marine vehicles for on-water bridge inspections.
July 28, 2015
No one likes to lose a friend, especially adolescents. But why do friendships end? Researchers in the Charles E. Schmidt College of Science at Florida Atlantic University sought to answer this question with a study examining whether adolescent friendships end because of undesirable characteristics of friends, because of differences between friends, or both.
July 20, 2015
In a unique study conducted at the Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing at Florida Atlantic University, researchers looked at how couples affected by Alzheimer's disease maintained their relationships, over the course of many years of marriage, and uncovered 10 patterns of communication that help couples sustain engagement in their relationships.
July 13, 2015
Florida Atlantic University's Astronomical Observatory, Department of Geosciences, as well as the University Libraries will host "PlutoPalooza," a free, open house event that will showcase various aspects of the science involved with NASA's historic mission.
July 10, 2015
FAU's Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine was recently awarded a $2.1 million, two-year contract by Otsuka America Pharmaceutical Inc. to conduct a study to examine the effectiveness of an injectable long-acting antipsychotic medication for schizophrenia and its impact on 30-day hospital readmission rates.
June 30, 2015
Traffic jams not only make daily commutes exasperating, they also contribute to excessive fuel consumption and air pollution.
June 15, 2015
Leading Neuroscientist at FAU Available as Expert on Alzheimer's Disease and Other Forms of Dementia
Every 67 seconds someone is the United States develops Alzheimer's disease or some form of dementia. It's the sixth leading cause of death in the U.S. and it's the only cause of death in the top 10 in America that cannot be prevented, cured or slowed.
June 15, 2015