U.S. immigration law provides foreign nationals with a variety of ways to become lawful permanent residents (Green Card) through employment in the United States. These employment-based (EB) “preference immigrant” categories include:
The EB-1 category is for outstanding professors and researchers. In order to qualify for this category, individuals must be recognized internationally as outstanding in their field. Applicants must have an offer of full-time permanent employment or tenure-track if it is a teaching position.
The outstanding professor or researcher category requires the offer of a tenured or tenure-track teaching position or the offer of a comparable permanent position. For research positions, applicable regulations define “permanent” as being either tenured, tenure-track, or for a period of indefinite or unlimited duration.
The EB-2 category is for employees holding an advanced degree such as a Master or Ph.D. and are in a position that requires an advanced degree.
The EB-3 category is for employees holding a Bachelor’s degree in a full-time permanent position, and that requires at least a bachelor’s degree.